You may be running or biking for several years now and has always felt that you did everything possible to ensure road safety while doing your daily running or cycling routine but experts who specializes in the human eye that many of us are still committing some mistakes. According to experts, there are two most common mistakes and one of them is placing the reflective stripes as well as light gears in the wrong places with the hope of getting the driver’s attention which may be divided at some point. The second mistake lies on overconfidence both on the drivers and the runners or bikers side. Both parties are confident that one will be able to spot the other even in the dark.
To fully understand this, one must learn the basic of human vision. Located inside the human eye are two different receptors with separate functions each. Cones are responsible for the colors we see during daytime while rods are at work during the night. Rods do not recognize color but rather motion which makes it possible to see anything moving within our peripheral.
Contrast, how something is perceived with respect to the background, is very important no matter the time of the day. During the day, it is obvious that we can see bright and neon colors more clearly because of the reflection of the sun. This is not the case at night.
Reflectors are very important during nighttime especially if we place them in the right places. Reflectors that are placed strategically in a human body can help as the brain is quite sensitive when it comes to motion. Experts call this the biological motion with research proving that even infants are able to sense when humans are moving. This is the same for drivers.
According to Rick Tyrell who is a psychology professor in the Clemson University, it is important for the driver to see human motion to predict its direction while travelling. Thus, biological motion makes it possible for drivers to anticipate future actions.
It is important that reflective strips are places on the joints – elbows, wrists, ankles and knees while proper clothing such as reflective cycling jacket is used.